Justitiële Verkenningen

Uitgever Boom Juridische Uitgevers
Tijdschrift Justitiële Verkenningen
Datum 12-08-2021
Aflevering 2 Frankes Twee eeuwen gevangen: dertig jaar later
RubriekRedactioneel
TitelInleiding
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 5
SamenvattingIn 1990 Herman Franke’s masterly dissertation Twee eeuwen gevangen. Misdaad en straf in Nederland was published. An abbreviated version appeared in English in 1995: The emancipation of prisoners: A socio-historical analysis of the Dutch prison experience, awarded best foreign study by the American Society of Criminology.
Auteur(s)J. uit Beijerse , M.M. Boone , M.P.C. Scheepmaker
Pagina5
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TitelCivilisatie en emancipatie, maar van wie precies? Twee eeuwen gevangen dertig jaar later
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 10
SamenvattingIn 1990, criminologist Herman Franke published a seminal book on 200 years detention in the Netherlands. For the occasion of the reissue of this book in 2020, the question is posed to what extent Franke’s vision of a gradual ‘emancipation’ of prisoners, in the realm of a societal ‘civilization process’, as it is put forward by Norbert Elias, still holds today.’
Auteur(s)R. van Swaaningen
Pagina10
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TitelToen en nu: heeft het gevangeniswezen de middelen om zijn doelen te bereiken?
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 24
SamenvattingStarting point in this article is the classical work of Herman Franke on the history of the Dutch prison system. Franke showed how policymakers and other people who influence prison policy and practice tried to reduce criminal behavior in the past two centuries.
Auteur(s)T. Molleman
Pagina24
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TitelVan zelfdwang naar zachte macht: Civilisatie slokt emancipatie op
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 40
SamenvattingIn his famous dissertation Twee eeuwen gevangen (Two centuries of imprisonment), Franke explains the history of imprisonment in the Netherlands as a development from external to internal coercion, based on the civilization theory of Norbert Elias. Central question of this contribution is in how far the pursuit of responsibilization of prisoners as described by modern penologists can be conceived as a continuation of this process and what the consequences of this pursuit are.
Auteur(s)M.M. Boone
Pagina40
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TitelOver emancipatie en de rechtspositie van gedetineerden: Levensomstandigheden in gevangenis ernstig verslechterd tijdens corona
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 58
SamenvattingIn the second half of the last century, the position of detainees in the Netherlands improved considerably. As far as is possible in the case of persons deprived of their freedom, there has been a certain emancipation of detainees. A well-functioning right of complaint and appeal has been created, for example, that offers detainees the possibility to have decisions of the government, in particular those of the director of the institution and the selection official, that are unfavourable to them, reviewed by an independent judicial authority.
Auteur(s)J. Serrarens
Pagina58
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TitelBroze fundamenten en alarmerende signalen: Lessen uit het ‘cellulaire drama’ voor gesloten jeugdhulp
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 73
SamenvattingIn this contribution, a comparison is drawn between the origins of the cellular system in the 19th century and the system of closed youth care in the 21st century. The comparison then focuses on the alarming signals from closed youth care practice and how these are dealt with. The author argues that shortages in the provision of regular youth care have led to situations in which young people are unnecessarily placed in closed youth care institutions. By focusing on eliminating this deficit closed youth care can be gradually phased out and reduced to a minimum.
Auteur(s)J. uit Beijerse
Pagina73
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TitelIn de roman kun je iedereen zijn: Over creatief schrijven in gevangenschap
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 87
SamenvattingThis article examines why literary fiction (based on extensive research and cooperation with inmates) allows us to understand the reality of being incarcerated sometimes better than non-fictional work or scientific research. Based on her long-term experiences as a creative writing coach in a Dutch prison the author explains why literature is such a great tool for empowerment and developing the talent of inmates, because it creates a ‘free space in prison’, where inmates are (aspired) writers instead of prisoners.
Auteur(s)C. Otten
Pagina87
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TitelDe betekenis van Herman Frankes proefschrift in een internationaal vergelijkende context
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 101
SamenvattingOne can only welcome the re-edition of Herman Franke’s impressive Ph.D. thesis on the history of the prison system in the Netherlands. Although a short English-language version of this book has been published, one still has to look out for a comparative assessment between his analysis and histories on the prison system in other Western countries.
Auteur(s)C. Fijnaut
Pagina101
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TitelMacht, emancipatie, onmacht: Over de geschiedenis van het lijden van gedetineerden en gekken
CiteertitelJV 2021, afl. 2, p. 112
SamenvattingThis article reflects on the brilliant 1990-book of criminologist Herman Franke on long-term developments in the Dutch prison system from 1800 onward. A pertinent question is whether it is possible and adequate to use the discourse of ‘emancipation’ to catch the historical processes in total institutions. A comparison is made with parallel transformations in the institutional sector of mental health, a social field in which there has been a radical movement claiming better legal protection and more humane living conditions. Surely an improvement has occurred in the actual situation of prisoners and mental patients, but one has to be reluctant (or even sceptical) to frame this in terms of ‘emancipation’.
Auteur(s)P. Ippel
Pagina112
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